Harald Fritzsch made significant contributions to the theory of quarks, to the development of quantum chromodynamics, and to the grand unification of the Standard Model of elementary particles.
Harald Fritzsch was born in Zwickau on February 10, 1943, and studied physics in Leipzig from 1963 to 1968. After escaping from the GDR in 1968, he continued his studies in Munich, where he worked with Werner Heisenberg and received his PhD in 1971 under the guidance of Heinrich Mitter with the thesis "On the Algebraic Structure of Observables in the Strong Interaction". From 1970 to 1972 he was a Research Associate at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC, USA) and a Research Fellow at CERN in Geneva. The following four years took him to the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in Pasadena.
Munich has become his academic home
In 1977 Harald Fritzsch became full professor of physics at the University of Wuppertal, then moved to the University of Bern, and finally in 1979 was appointed full professor of theoretical physics at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München University, which has since become his academic home.
In his scientific work, Harald Fritzsch was concerned with the phenomenology of elementary particles. His contributions have had a significant impact on the understanding of the interactions of elementary particles and are now part of the standard textbook knowledge of physics. Together with Murray Gell-Mann and Heinrich Leutwyler, Harald Fritzsch was one of the founders of quantum chromodynamics – a theory that is an integral part of elementary particle physics. In earlier work, he was able to embed the Standard Model in a unified Grand Unified Theory. This model is considered one of the classical and promising theories for the unified description of quarks and leptons. In addition, he has made significant contributions to the description of quark and lepton masses – the mass matrix in the established six-quark model from 1978 bears his name and has become the standard parameterization of quark masses. His doctoral students included Dieter Lüst, Ulrich Bauer, and Marcus Hutter.