04/07/2023 The proton is one of three building blocks of the atom. Together with neutrons and electrons it forms the matter we know. Since the 1960s, we have known that a proton consists of three quarks. However, researchers now have a much more differentiated picture of the familiar particle. A small team at the Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) used the ORIGINS Data Science Lab (ODSL) to reanalyse data from the ZEUS experiment with novel statistical methods. Like this they obtained much more precise analysis results.

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03/31/2023 The European Research Council (ERC) awards Professor Erwin Frey an Advanced Grant for his project "CellGeom" (The geometrical and physical basis of cell-like functionality). Frey holds the Chair for Statistical and Biological Physics at the Faculty of Physics at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich and is at the ORIGINS Cluster the Coordinator of Connector 8 (CN-8), Emergence of Complex Structures and Non-Equilibrium Physics.

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03/15/2023 Liquid water is one of the most important ingredients for the emergence of life as we know it on Earth. Researchers of the ORIGINS Cluster from the fields of astrophysics, astrochemistry and biochemistry have now determined in a novel, interdisciplinary collaboration the necessary properties that allow moons around free-floating planets to retain liquid water for a sufficiently long time and thus enable life.

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02/28/2023 Since March 2019, the Belle II detector has been measuring decays of B mesons, a particular type of quark pair. Previous experiments had shown that B and anti-B mesons decay at different rates, i.e., exhibit CP violation. Belle II is intended to extend these measurements and make them more precise. The experiment is well on its way: although it is not yet running at full power, Belle II is already achieving the same results as its predecessor.

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01/31/2023 Analysing data from the eROSITA Final Equatorial-Depth Survey, astronomers at MPE have found a faint X-ray source identified with a very distant supermassive black hole that is accreting material at an extremely high rate. This quasar, at a redshift of z=6.56, is much more luminous in X-rays than expected. This is the most distant blind X-ray detection to date, from an object whose radiation was emitted almost 13 billion years ago and allows the scientists to investigate the growth of black holes in the early Universe.

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01/31/2023 For his project RES-NOVA, Dr. Luca Pattavina has been awarded an ERC Consolidator Grant by the European Research Council and will thus be funded with 2.7 million Euros over a period of 5 years. The successful application was made possible by start-up funding through the ORIGINS Cluster's Seed Money Program.

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01/19/2023 The IceCube Kaggle starts today. This is a public competition organized by ORIGINS member Philipp Eller from the Technical University of Munich for the IceCube collaboration. Participants have to download a test dataset of an IceCube neutrino signal and, with in three months, develop a machine learning solution to reconstruct the direction of neutrinos. Cash prizes will be awarded to the best solutions.

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12/12/2022 How are galaxies born, and what holds them together? Astronomers assume that dark matter plays an essential role. However, as yet it has not been possible to prove directly that dark matter exists. A research team including Technical University of Munich (TUM) scientists has now measured for the first time the survival rate of antihelium nuclei from the depths of the galaxy – a necessary prerequisite for the indirect search for Dark Matter.

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12/07/2022 This year, the ORIGINS Cluster PhD awards go to Riccardo Arcodia from the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics and Alan Ianeselli from the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich for their excellent work. The ORIGINS PhD Awards were presented at a ceremony during the ORIGINS Science Week, which took place from November 28th to December 1st, 2022 at Seeon Monastery.

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11/11/2022 The Nishina Memorial Foundation announced this week that Professor Eiichiro Komatsu, director at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, receives the most prestigious Japanese physics award. The Nishina Memorial Prize is presented annually, honoring outstanding Japanese scientists who have made substantial contributions to physics research. Komatsu receives the prestigious award for his “contributions to the standard cosmology based on the cosmic microwave background”. The award will be presented during a ceremony in Tokyo on 6 December 2022.

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